- "These newbies went from fans to finalists, and have proved worthy of their place!"
- — Dara Ó Briain
Concussion was a heavyweight robot which competed in Series 9 and 10 of Robot Wars. Despite being untested in battle and the team consisting of amateur roboteers, it reached the Grand Final of Series 9 with an undefeated run, twice defeating former Grand Finalist Thor in the process. A combined attack from bar spinners Carbide and Ironside3 in its Grand Final Group Battle resigned Concussion to fifth place. An improved Concussion performed well in Series 10, but fell short of the Grand Final by losing its Heat Final to Nuts 2, before it successfully represented the United Kingdom in Robot Wars: World Series.
Concussion's primary feature was its single-toothed teardrop-shaped spinning drum, initially revolving at 6,000rpm and weighing 24.5kg in Series 9. The tooth was designed by team member Sam Griffin for maximum impact. Like other drum spinners such as Pulsar and Sabretooth, Concussion was small, compact, two-wheel driven and invertible. The robot was painted orange around its slightly sloped sides, where the Concussion name is carved out of the metal.
Concussion also featured a steep wedge at the rear, similar to Carbide. Its side armour was made from 3.2mm HARDOX, although Concussion's top armour was a weaker polycarbonate panel, while its baseplate is made of aluminium. Concussion's two front prongs exposed the front ground clearance of several robots, although its wheels were exposed to overhead attacks and its motors were prone to burning out. Additionally, the tooth on its drum - originally machined out of EN8 carbon steel - was susceptible to chipping, reducing the weapon's efficiency over time.
Notably, the team 3D printed their own removable link to lower the chances of the link falling out during battle. The robot was specifically designed to be serviceable from any angle, so as to minimise delays in repairing the robot. For Series 10, a brand new Concussion was built with only a wheel mounted eight ball piece coming to the new model from the Series 9 model. This Concussion was reworked internally to minimise the faults that consistently occurred to the robot in Series 9, with the robot now featuring lighter and more powerful drive motors as well as a custom-made gearbox and Victor BB speed controllers. A collection of lights also shine through the top armour, small bars were added to the top of the robot on either side of the drum, and the team now incorporate telemetry by using external software to monitor the performance of the robot from the control booth and in the pits.
- "The new custom-made telemetry circuit, which Oliver designed and for which he also did all of the coding. Using wi-fi, the circuit will report back realtime data from the robot to an application installed on a tablet."
- — Institution of Mechanical Engineers
In addition to these internal upgrades, Concussion's drum was replaced with a new 26.2kg single-toothed one made out of Toolox steel. The new drum featured an altered design and improved strength over the original weapon, while also rotating at 7,000rpm - a 1,000rpm increase over the Series 9 drum. This drum allows Concussion to self-right using gyroscopic forces in combination with running inverted.
Despite its design similarities, Concussion was not inspired by Pulsar or BattleBots competitor Minotaur. In fact, the team were not aware of Minotaur and other similar drum spinners until during the design stage, at which point a few key liberties were taken to distinguish it from being a 'Minotaur clone'.
- Dara Ó Briain: "Are you confident, by the way? Your first time here."
- Tim Rackley: "Yeah, I mean, we've never done any fight anywhere, so we're complete rookies, but - "
- Dara Ó Briain: "So this is the first-ever fight?"
- Tim Rackley: "Ever... apart from a piece of oak, but yes."
- — Dara Ó Briain interviews Dorset Roboteering Team ahead of Concussion's Robot Wars debut
Concussion competed in Heat 3. In its Group Battle, it faced Series 8 fourth-place finisher Thor, fellow newcomer Tauron and another Series 8 returnee, Chimera2. At the start, Concussion immediately lunged at Tauron, but missed, only to slam into Tauron’s side and immobilise it. Seconds later, it flipped Chimera2 over, before chasing Chimera2 as it drove over the arena spikes. Chimera2 pushed Concussion back before Concussion spun away and hit its wedge. Concussion drove away as Thor axed Chimera2, before pushing Chimera2 into the CPZ and getting underneath it as Thor charged in to separate the two robots. A slam from Thor freed Concussion, allowing Concussion to hit its side twice with the drum as Chimera2 was counted out. As a result, Concussion progressed to the Head-to-Head round along with Thor, although not without losing drive to one side as a result of a burnt-out motor.
- "One of the windings has burnt out on one of the drive motors. Erm, we've never pushed him quite that hard. We've - you know - we've thrown him about in a car park and pulled a car or two, but, you know, never around against everyone else trying to rally against you."
- — Tim Rackley assesses the damage to Concussion's drive motor
In the pits, Dorset Roboteering Team found that the affected drive motor was irreparable, and were forced to equip Concussion's second spare drive motor due to a faulty weld in their first spare.
Concussion's first Head-to-Head battle saw it face Thor for the second time, with both robots slamming into each other in the opening seconds. It chased and pushed Thor towards a CPZ as the latter triggered 'Rogue House Robot', but was caught by Dead Metal and pinned against the wall as the latter sliced into its top panel.
- "They're okay, just about!"
- — Jonathan Pearce as Concussion escapes Dead Metal's grasp
Dead Metal released Concussion from his grasp, where it momentarily hesitated before pursuing and slamming into Thor. Concussion hit Thor a few more times, sending sparks flying and causing CO2 to vent from the latter's axe mechanism, before driving over Thor’s wedge and momentarily lifting off the floor as it did so. Another couple of hits deflected Thor away and sent Concussion onto the partially-lowered pit panel, leaving it unable to drive away as its ground clearance was too low to drive out of it. Thor slammed into Concussion again, but this impact dislodged one of Concussion's drum belts. Both robots became stuck together as a result, before Thor freed itself using its axe and Concussion spun around on the pit panel as Thor pressed the Arena Tyre a second time. This activated 'Rogue House Robot' mode again, resulting in Matilda ramming into Concussion and getting wedged on top of it.
- "Oh, Matilda's done us in!"
- — Sam Griffin as Concussion is rammed by Matilda
With Concussion stuck underneath Matilda, Thor axed Matilda's tusks before Dead Metal grabbed Concussion again and the three robots separated. Still trying to drive itself off the pit panel, Concussion drove around in circles, only to clip Thor's left-hand wheelguard with its drum and flip it over as the latter charged towards it. This was done with Concussion's drum spinning at half power.
- "...but poor Concussion. They're almost out of it, because they're stuck in there. They can't drum up enough power to get away – they can! OH! They flip Thor with the mighty power of the drum! What a turn up, what a turn up!"
- — Jonathan Pearce as Concussion flips Thor over
With Thor left unable to self-right due to a depleted CO2 supply, Concussion emerged victorious, scoring three points for its first knock-out victory. However, Dorset Roboteering Team still encountered problems with the robot's drive systems, with all of its motors and speed controllers having burnt out following that battle. Despite the prospect of the team forfeiting their place, they repaired Concussion for its next battle with seconds to spare.
The second Head-to-Head saw Concussion face Heavy Metal, a new robot from the experienced Team 13. It drove around Heavy Metal at the start, pursuing it across the arena before slamming drum-first into its wedge. Sparks and rubber treads from Heavy Metal's wheels flew across the arena as Concussion hit it again, before Concussion flipped Heavy Metal over and buffeted it towards the wall. Another slam from Concussion ripped Heavy Metal's right-hand wheel off and sent it flying out of the arena, leaving Heavy Metal immobilised on one side and unable to drive straight. Concussion sat in the middle of the arena until 'cease' was called, and scored another three points to remain first on the leaderboard with a total of six. This was enough for it to secure a guaranteed place in the Heat Final, even before its last Head-to-Head against M.R. Speed Squared.
Before the battle started, M.R. Speed Squared encountered problems attempting to get its spinning weapon working, with Dorset Roboteering Team both discussing the issue with Team Forsey and evaluating their tactics in light of this.
- "It didn't look like their weapon was going, so... we're just gonna go hell for leather at them, I suppose."
- — Tim Rackley on M.R. Speed Squared’s weapon issues and Concussion's tactics ahead of their Head-to-Head
As the battle began, Concussion drove around and deflected M.R. Speed Squared, the latter spinning uncontrollably as its weapon powered up. This was enough to flip M.R. Speed Squared over and disable its weapon, with Concussion pursuing, hitting and pushing M.R. Speed Squared along the arena before the latter pressed the Arena Tyre to activate the pit. Concussion again hit M.R. Speed Squared, lifting it on top of itself with the drum, before attempting to pit it. Both robots swerved away from the pit edge, with Concussion hitting M.R. Speed Squared a few more times before pushing it over the Flame Pit and into Dead Metal. Once M.R. Speed Squared escaped, Concussion hit and pushed it again, seemingly unable to damage M.R. Speed Squared, before shoving it into Dead Metal and chasing it towards Sir Killalot. Concussion flipped M.R. Speed Squared onto itself again in the process, forcing Sir Killalot to grab and lift M.R. Speed Squared off in an attempt to separate them.
- "Concussion has been hit and dented, but it has been a very good machine – and very nearly got itself on the precipice there."
- — Jonathan Pearce as Concussion tries to pit M.R. Speed Squared again
Once M.R. Speed Squared was thrown across the arena by Sir Killalot, Concussion again pushed it towards the pit, and started smoking as it hit and flipped M.R. Speed Squared a few more times. More smoke billowed as M.R. Speed Squared pushed it back, with Concussion noticeably losing speed and mobility across the arena floor as it tried to retaliate.
- "Something's on fire."
- — Tim Rackley spots Concussion's internal fire
Still smoking, Concussion was rammed again by M.R. Speed Squared, and spun itself and its drum in an attempt to display its remaining signs of mobility. Despite this, it managed to hit M.R. Speed Squared twice more before 'cease' was called, and survived to a Judges' decision. Even with its reduced mobility, the decision went unanimously went in favour of Concussion, awarding it two points and first place on the leaderboard with eight points.
- "If they can avoid another battle bonfire, could this be the fairy-tale ending for the boys who went from fans to finalists?"
- — Angela Scanlon before Concussion's Heat Final against Thor
Even with continuing repairs and uncertainties surrounding the reliability of its left-hand drive motor, this result confirmed Concussion's place in the Heat Final, where it faced Thor once again. At the start, Concussion slowly moved forwards as Thor rammed into it, before driving around and deflecting Thor away with a front-on blow. It chased Thor around the arena before hitting its side and wedge a few more times and almost flipping it onto its back. Again, Concussion pursued and hit Thor's wedge, with another hit causing Thor's CO2 system to leak for the second time, before gingerly pressing the Arena Tyre as Thor tried to push it back. This released the pit, with Concussion continuing to hit, chase and lift Thor with the drum as the two robots momentarily drove close to Dead Metal.
- "...and Concussion is prowling, and growling, and again holding the arena central space."
- — Jonathan Pearce
Eventually, another succession of blows resulted in Concussion flipping Thor over, with Thor self-righting immediately in response. More frontal slams allowed Concussion to buckle Thor's front wedge, before the two robots locked together and Concussion was pushed back and nearly axed by Thor. Both backed away, with Concussion nudging Thor as it briefly stopped moving near the Flame Pit. Thor regained mobility shortly after, and pushed Concussion over the Flame Pit seconds before 'cease' was called. Both robots survived to a Judges' decision as a result, with Concussion unanimously winning the decision and progressing to the Grand Final.
- "This team of engineers went from being in the audience last series to being competitors in this one - they've done fantastically to get this far!"
- — Jonathan Pearce
The newcomer went into the Grand Final as an underdog, being drawn against bar spinners Carbide and Ironside3 in its Group Battle. Concussion was very fearful of these spinners, and it merely backed away when 'activate' was called, slowly nearing the Arena Tyre before sustaining a huge blow from Carbide. Concussion was sent reeling into the Arena Tyre, opening the pit, but Concussion had already lost drive on one side. Concussion turned to face Ironside3 weapon-to-weapon, but then both bar spinners launched a joint attack, each hitting both sides of Concussion. The final attack from Carbide sent Concussion spinning straight back into the Arena Tyre, where Shunt axed the fully immobile robot, and barged it into the wall. Concussion was counted out, and it was eliminated from the Grand Final at this early stage.
- Angela Scanlon: "The dream ends here!"
- Sam Griffin: "Oh we went past the dream ages ago!"
- — Team DRT, celebratory in defeat
Concussion competed in Heat 4. The reigning Grand Finalist of the heat, Concussion was drawn against Nuts 2 and Androne 4000 in the first round. It was immediately targeted by the crusher-wielding Androne 4000, whose wedged front proved resistant to the drum spinner of Concussion. Darting around, Concussion took a glancing blow from Nuts 2, the flail impacting directly in the centre of the wheel hub. The resulting damage severely hampered Concussion's movement throughout the battle. The restricted Concussion caught a glancing blow on Androne 4000, but was struggling to land significant attacks or move properly. Androne shepherded Concussion onto the arena flipper, which overturned the drum spinner and allowed Androne 4000 to eventually pierce into Concussion's underside. As Androne 4000 pushed Concussion over the floor flipper, Androne 4000 was thrown partially and the heavy landing caused Androne 4000 to breakdown. With Concussion pinned in its jaws, Androne 4000's immobilisation cost Concussion the battle as well.
- "When they got locked together, they couldn't separate, and from that position there, I'm afraid it was a kiss of death...an embrace of doom."
- — Jonathan Pearce
The hole from Androne 4000's crusher required serious hammering out from Tim Rackley. As Concussion displayed more mobility than Androne 4000 in the Group Battle, it was deemed to have finished the fight in second place, awarding Concussion a more advantageous Robot Redemption Knockout. Once repaired, Concussion's redemption was obstructed by The Kegs, which had been customised to hinder Concussion with one robot outfitted with a wedge.
The fight was decided very quickly. With one smooth drive motion, Concussion landed a heavy blow on the back of the spinner-armed Keg and clove the barrel shell straight off, immobilising half of the clusterbot. Concussion tossed the wedge Keg through the air, onto the floor flipper, and then hurled it into the CPZ of Sir Killalot.
- "Where they come from in Lewes they roll flaming barrels down the street on bonfire night - well they're rolling towards oblivion here! This is mightily impressive from Concussion here. Woah!"
- — Jonathan Pearce
With both clusterbots now immobile, Concussion landed another shattering blow on the shell-less spinner Concussion, smashing wires free, ripping a tire loose from a wheel and sending shards out of the arena. Concussion had comfortably won the battle in just 34 seconds, reigniting the mood of the Dorset Roboteering Team.
- Angela Scanlon: "You look...content!"
- Tim Rackers: "We're feeling a lot better than earlier, that's for sure."
- Angela Scanlon: "You're back to form, it seems. That was beautiful to watch. Less so for Kegs."
- Tim Rackers: "Thank you, thank you. Well we love fighting them - in fact, they gave us a splinter."
- Angela Scanlon: "Oh boo hoo, have you seen them?"
- — Angela Scanlon debriefs with Concussion
Concussion would then battle Iron-Awe 6 in the semi-final round. Iron-Awe 6, which had won its first round battle, was clad in entanglement weapons which posed some strategic challenges for Concussion. Iron-Awe charged into Concussion's drum, but failed to wedge it whilst also resisting the drum. Concussion ground away at Iron-Awe's side, chewing through entanglement devices, and eventually began bucking it from the floor. One glancing blow on the back corner of Iron-Awe overturned the flipper, whose failing flipper let them down once again. Leaving Iron-Awe in the clutches of Dead Metal, Concussion charged in for a final nip as cease was called.
- "Guys, if we're honest, your experience was the most intimidating thing in that arena. Seriously. Genuinely."
- — Tim Rackers shakes hands with the Grimms
Concussion was now drawn against Nuts 2 in a rematch of the opening Group Battle. As a precaution against wheel damage that cost them in the first encounter, the team drilled sacrificial polycarbonate "Nut Buster" plates onto the side of Concussion to shield the wheels. Concussion charged into the spinning Nuts 2, but were flipped by the floor flipper. Crashing into Nuts 2, Concussion landed on its wheels, but made the exact same mistake by driving onto the floor flipper again. This time, Concussion landed on its back, where the Nut Busters prevented it from driving smoothly.
- "And I'm not too sure here whether the Nut guards are impeding it here...Concussion can usually drive both ways up, but those Nut Buster guards are stopping them moving!"
- — Jonathan Pearce
Spinning its drum up to full speed, Concussion attempted to use torque to right itself, but whilst it came close, it was not able to right itself. Concussion collided with Shunt, losing all of its momentum. The team hoped for Shunt to right Concussion, but instead the team lost the power of their drum following an axe blow. Despite Nuts 2 smashing off one of the guards, Concussion was not able to right and was battered by Shunt's axe, which caused serious damage to the robot. Limping in a circle, Concussion was counted out and relegated to the 10 Robot Rumble for its final chance at the Series 10 crown.
There in the 10 Robot Rumble, Concussion faced a fellow drum spinner in Sabretooth, past Grand Finalists Apollo, Eruption, Terrorhurtz and Thor, newcomer Track-tion, Iron-Awe 6 in the second encounter between the two, as well as Big Nipper and Expulsion. Jason Marston of Thor wished to avenge his double-loss to Concussion in Series 9, and applied a large Concussion sticker to his robot as a warning to Concussion. Dorset Roboteering Team responded by branding Thor's logo on the surface of Concussion.
- "To get through that, you're gonna have to be something pretty special."
- — Tim Rackley
Concussion made its first move in the battle when it immediately disloged one of Track-tion's tracks, leaving the school entry hobbled early on. Shepherded by Apollo, it almost drove into the descending pit which was activated by Thor, but managed to squeak by. Concussion was able to briefly join a group attack on Eruption, alongside Big Nipper, Terrorhurtz and Iron-Awe 6, but to no major effect; at this stage, Expulsion and Track-tion had already fallen. Concussion went to attack Apollo, but Sabretooth landed the more devastating drum blow by hurling Apollo almost on top of Concussion, and clipped Concussion which caused the drum to fail.
- "Oh the meat in the sandwich there between Sabretooth and Concussion, teaming up well!"
- — Jonathan Pearce
The Dorset team were responsible for the second Fog of War, but Concussion's effectiveness in battle was minimised without its drum. It grappled with its chosen rival Thor, but was unable to cause any damage and was herded away without much trouble. Terrorhurtz was edging an immobilised Iron-Awe 6 towards the pit and Concussion darted forward and took the pitting upon itself. This elation did not last long, however, as Concussion was the next robot to go down; it tangled once again with Thor and was pushed into oblivion, the fourth robot to fall.
- "Oh, Jase!"
- — Tim Rackley reacts to Jason Marston's revenge
Concussion made another appearance in Series 10 when it represented the United Kingdom during Robot Wars: World Series. In the first round, it fought alongside its former rival, Thor, to battle the Team Rest of the World captain Cathadh, and the Canadian representative Terror Turtle.
Concussion began in the fight against Terror Turtle. The fight was short and controversial. In just seconds, Concussion immobilised Terror Turtle by overturning it with its drum. Concussion retreated and tagged Thor, who engaged Cathadh. As Cathadh wound itself up on Thor's wedge, Concussion flew out of the CPZ and bit a chunk out of Cathadh's rear, hurling it away and breaking its weapon system.
- "Hey! I'm sorry, that is illegal! That's illegal. Excuse me, get back in your box, Concussion's not allowed to be out there!"
- — Angela Scanlon
Both Terror Turtle and Cathadh were crippled and immobilised, even with Shunt self-righting the latter. Cease was called, and Tim Rackley mentioned that Concussion had hit Cathadh so hard that its RV system had failed. The Cathadh team were not impressed, and lodged an official objection after the fight based on the robot being double-teamed. After discussing, UK Captain Michael Oates agreed with Dara Ó Briain that Thor and Concussion would forfeit the fight, handing 3 points to the Rest of the World team.
- Dara Ó Briain: "Are you willing to hand over the points because of this disgraceful behaviour?"
- Michael Oates: "Yeah, I think, let's even up the score, and let's go into the head-to-heads with a clean slate."
- — Michael Oates of Team UK forfeits Concussion's potential victory
Concussion was drawn against the Russian Weber in the head-to-head stage. Concussion was faster around the arena floor, and slammed into the side of Weber, which flipped itself over against an entry gate and initially struggled to self-right. As Weber re-righted itself, Concussion built up the pressure, but was overturned after Weber got underneath it using its wedge. The orange drum-spinner self righted when its drum hit the arena wall, but fell into the clutches of Dead Metal, whose saw met Concussion's drum in a violent screech of metal. After Concussion escaped, Weber ran into trouble with the House Robots, and Sir Killalot peeled a wheel off. A few more blows from Concussion on Weber's back and sides caused the robot mobility problems, and the fight was called a KO victory for Concussion. Killalot pitted Weber, and eventually shovelled Concussion in afterwards.
- "When Dead Metal went straight down on the spinner, I thought ooh, what's going to happen there!"
- — Lucy Rogers
Concussion's victory ultimately sealed victory for the team, as the gap of 11-3 was too much for Cathadh to make back later on.
|CONCUSSION - RESULTS|
|Series 9 - UK Championship|
|Heat 3, Group Battle||vs. Chimera2, Tauron, Thor||Qualified|
|Heat 3, Head to Heads||vs. Thor||Won by KO (3 Points)|
|Heat 3, Head to Heads||vs. Heavy Metal||Won by KO (3 Points)|
|Heat 3, Head to Heads||vs. M.R. Speed Squared||Won by Judges' decision (2 Points)|
|Heat 3, Heat Final||vs. Thor||Won|
|Grand Final, Group Battle||vs. Carbide, Ironside3||Eliminated|
|Series 10 - UK Championship|
|Heat 4, Group Battle||vs. Nuts 2, Androne 4000||Lost|
|Heat 4, Robot Redemption||vs. The Kegs||Won|
|Heat 4, Semi-Final||vs. Iron-Awe 6||Won|
|Heat 4, Heat Final||vs. Nuts 2||Lost|
|10 Robot Rumble||vs. Apollo, Big Nipper, Eruption, Expulsion, Iron-Awe 6, Sabretooth, Terrorhurtz, Thor, Track-tion||Lost|
|World Series, representing the UK|
Partnered with Thor in Tag Team battle
|Episode 2, Tag Team||vs. Cathadh & Terror Turtle||Forfeited (0 points)|
|NOTE: Concussion (and Thor) won by knockout, but forfeited the points due to a rule breakage during the battle|
|Episode 2, Head-to-Head||vs. Weber||Won by KO (3 points)|
- Wins: 9
- Losses: 4
|Series||Concussion Series Record|
|Series 1-7||Did not enter|
|Series 8||Did not enter|
|Series 9||Grand Final, Round 1|
|Series 10||Heat Final|
Outside Robot WarsEdit
Due to the safety concerns of spinners at live events, Concussion is yet to fight on the event circuit. It did however make an appearance on static display at the Extreme Robots event at Guildford 2017. Ahead for the Robo Challenge Championship at Insomnia 61, Dorset Roboteering Team began building Migraine, a scaled down version of Concussion. They competed with Spank the Monkeys, a tall fur-coated robot with two swinging arms. Notably, it was equipped with an inflatable banana in a battle with drum spinner Equinox, and the banana was absorbed by the drum spinner, disabling it.
In December 2017, Tim Rackley collaborated with Jason Marston to build AU Thumper, a golden robot armed with a steep wedge and an electrically driven axe with square blade, capitalising on Marston's success with Thor. It competed in the Chinese TV show Clash Bots, filmed in 2018. For more information, see here.
- "Delivering 24 Karat Pain!"
- — AU Thumper - Combat Robot Facebook page
Tim Rackley and Sam Griffin would also compete in the 2018 season of BattleBots, with a vertical spinner named Monsoon. The robot was armed with a vertical spinner, and Rackley competed on a team with Tom Brewster and Sarah Asplin. For more information, see Tauron.
- "Rain down the pain!"
- — Team Monsoon motto
- Among Concussion's working names were Thrash Metal and Riptide, the latter not being used to avoid confusion with Riptide Robotics
- The wooden prototype of Concussion was capable of pulling a 1.8 tonne car at over 5mph.
- The team set a budget of £2000 to build Concussion, but went four times over-budget, and eventually spent £8000 on the robot.
- Simon Scott of Team Razer manufactured Concussion's drum for a heavily reduced rate. This lead to the misconception that he had been involved in the design process.
- According to the team, Concussion's ideal Tag Team Terror partner would be Terrorhurtz, so that the robots could attack from above and below in tandem (aerial and uppercut).
- According to the team, their favourite fight at the time of Series 9 was their defeat of Heavy Metal, as it demonstrated Concussion's full weapon potential.
- Concussion's drum used in Series 9 took 30 hours to mill.
- Concussion was the only robot to reach the Heat Final in Series 10 having lost its Group Battle.
- Dorset Roboteering Team, Team Make Robotics and Team Outlaw were the only teams to reach a Grand Final with four members present.
- Along with Team MAD and Team Toad, the Dorset Roboteering Team were one of three teams in Series 10 to place stickers representing their robot on the other competing machines.
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/df8f0z7/
- ↑ https://www.facebook.com/Concussion/posts/384748011945533
- ↑ https://www.imeche.org/news/news-article/battle-of-the-bots---behind-the-scenes-on-robot-wars
- ↑ https://www.facebook.com/Concussion/posts/385219528565048
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btimsW9bd70
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/df8bqf2/
- ↑ Correspondence with https://www.facebook.com/Concussion/ Concussion Facebook page, run by Sam Griffin, clarified that this was not Thor's belt as originally believed.
- ↑ Correspondence with https://www.facebook.com/Concussion/ Concussion Facebook page, run by Sam Griffin confirmed this fact following the slipped belt.
- ↑ https://www.facebook.com/authumper/
- ↑ ROBOT WARS Team Concussion Talking with S.Tek Interview | Votesaxon07
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/
- ↑ Correspondence with https://www.facebook.com/Concussion/ Concussion Facebook page, run by Sam Griffin
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/df8e2th/
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/df8dmk4/
- ↑ https://www.reddit.com/r/robotwars/comments/60pjjb/we_are_team_concussion_ask_us_anything/df8j7pt/
- Concussion - Robot Wars Facebook page
- Dorset Roboteering Team Facebook page
- Concussion Twitter
- Concussion (Series 9) on the Robot Wars website
- Concussion (Series 10) on the Robot Wars website
- Haynes Manual interview with Dorset Roboteering Team